I am skeptical of the notion of modernity because it immediately implies a teleology (the term “modern” is unavoidably deictic, from whence comes torturous configurations like postmodern, post-postmodern, hypermodern, neomodern, late-modern).
Society today is not a necessary outcome or a logical conclusion of the past.
Is democracy a “discourse”? Why do I take for granted that a democratic and popular representational institution represents the “best possible” form of government, civil equality as an end goal? If I had been born in 16th century France I might not have been able to see that monarchy was a bad idea; if I had been born in 1920 Russia I might have been a communist, or a Stalinist. What am I unable to see about modern democracy?